The Economic Institute produces economic policy analyses on Bay Area and California issues, and economic impact analyses for public and private sector clients. A chronological list of the PDF versions of Bay Area Council Economic Institute publications appears below with the newest reports listed first.
Chronological List of Publications
- Entrepreneurs, Startups, and Innovation at the University of California
This report examines a broad range of initiatives at the University of California’s ten campuses—plus UC Hastings Law School, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory—that are designed to support entrepreneurial development and startup formation, and through them stimulate economic activity in surrounding regions and communities. —August 2016 ( PDF: 64 pages, 3.1 MB)
- Building Gender Equity in the Workplace: A Best Practices Resource Guide Gender equity is the economic and moral imperative of our time, and the Bay Area Council is working to develop solutions, mobilize the business community, and work with our civic and political leaders to advance women’s leadership, eliminate barriers to women’s employment, and close the gender wage gap. This document is an information resource guide for companies looking for good places to begin and best practices to use in starting to address gender equity issues in their own workplaces. —July 2016 ( PDF: 32 pages, 13.4 MB)
- The Northern California Megaregion: Innovative, Connected, and Growing examines the housing, land use, employment, and environmental challenges the Northern California Megaregion faces as its connectivity grows. —June 2016 (PDF: 60 pages, 13.4 MB)
- Mainstreaming Medi-Cal examines the extent to which the workforce relies on the Medi-Cal program, the access issues they experience as enrollees in the program, the potential impact of these issues on productivity, the “cost shift” that businesses experience as a result of public problam underpayment, and the extend to which Medi-Cal rates impact access within the broader system such as the recruitment of pediatric specialists to the state. —June 2016 (PDF: 20 pages, 2.4 MB)
- Promise and Perils of an Accelerated Economy is the ninth in a series of Bay Area Economic Profile reports produced since 1997 by the Bay Area Council Economic Institute and McKinsey & Company. The report examines the region’s economy as it has emerged from the Great Recession to enter a new period of growth and innovation. As previous reports have done, it benchmarks the Bay Area’s performance against other knowledge-based economies to assess the region’s national and global competitiveness. It also examines the economic and policy challenges that continue to confront the region even in a period of extraordinary growth. —May 2016 (PDF: 40 pages, 2.4 MB)
- Reinventing Manufacturing: How the Transformation of Manufacturing Is Creating New Opportunity for California explores how technology is revolutionizing manufacturing processes through innovations in 3D printing, robotics and big data (the Internet of Things)—often based on innovations that come from California. A range of factors, including rising labor costs in China, are leading some manufacturers to bring production home. California is in a good position to capture much of this growth, but needs policies that support and incentivize investment.
—April 2016 (PDF: 114 pages, 9.5 MB)
- Investing with Purpose: Unlocking the Economic Potential of Impact Investments dissects the concept of impact investing and its potential social effects, and concludes with a set of recommendations for structural adjustments and policy changes that can continue momentum in the impact investing field.
—February 2016 (PDF: 42 pages, 6.2 MB)
- The Case for a Second Transbay Transit Crossing examines the economic drag associated with current transbay transportation systems. This issue brief identifies the benefits of addressing transbay transportation constraints and describes how leveraging creative contracting and funding models could deliver a second transbay transit crossing in a timely manner.
—February 2016 (PDF: 26 pages, 10 MB)
- A Roadmap for Economic Resilience: The Bay Area Regional Economic Strategy offers concrete actions for growing regional prosperity and a flexible framework for developing actions going forward. The Roadmap’s proposals are evergreen agents of economic resilience, strategies wise in both expansion and downturn, necessary to accelerate the former and dampen the latter. It is a recipe for a robust and enduring regional economy.
—November 2015 (PDF: 52 pages, 3.9 MB)
- 21st Century Infrastructure: Keeping California Connected, Powered, and Competitive focuses on the transformative potential of state-of-the-art investment in California infrastructure in two key fields: communications and energy. The report examines how improvements in these sectors can support the state’s economic competitiveness and offers policy recommendations for how to facilitate stronger infrastructure investment.
—April 2015 (PDF: 48 pages, 3.5 MB)
- Surviving the Storm examines the potential economic impact of an extreme storm event in the Bay Area. California’s climate is famously volatile, with winters of devastating floods separated by years of drought. In the wake of recent extreme storm events on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, this report asks whether a similar event could happen here, what parts of the Bay Area would be hardest hit, what the economic costs would be, and what can be done to improve the region’s defenses.
—March 2015 (PDF: 104 pages, 17.8 MB)
—Information and developments on potential strategies can be tracked at OurBayontheBrink.org.
- A Comparative Analysis of the Public and Private Cost of Capital and Market Trends for Public Infrastructure Delivery: When Taxable Infrastructure Financing Beats Tax-Exempt discusses key considerations when evaluating the differential cost of using tax-exempt vs. taxable financing when developing public infrastructure projects.
—March 2015 (PDF: 10 pages, 194 KB)
- Reforming California Public Higher Education for the 21st Century
This Bay Area Council Economic Institute White Paper assesses the changing environment for public higher education in California, and the changes required in the University of California, California State University and California Community Colleges systems to ensure that the state will continue to generate a globally competitive workforce.
—December 2014 (PDF: 36 pages, 3.5 MB)
- Innovation Drivers: High-Value Collaborative Ties Between Japan and the San Francisco Bay Area continues the Institute’s series of reports on the region’s business and economic links with major global partners.
—November 2014 (PDF: 4 pages, 857 KB)
- Tri-Valley Rising: Its Vital Role in the Bay Area Economy looks at the economy of the East Bay’s Tri-Valley region, its connections to the greater Bay Area, and the significance of transportation issues for its future development.
—October 2014 (PDF: 55 pages, 1.6 MB)
- Trade in the Bay Area: Investment and Global Financial Flows, a report commissioned by HSBC in 2014, looks at international trade activity in the Bay Area, with a particular focus on technology, China, and the internationalization of China’s currency.
—September 2014 (PDF: 20 pages, 1.5 MB)
- In the Fast Lane: Improving Reliability, Stabilizing Local Funding, and Enabling the Transportation Systems of the Future in Alameda County analyzes Alameda County’s transportation system and its role in regional mobility, with a particular focus on the County’s Transportation Expenditure Plan.
—July 2014 (PDF: 76 pages, 14.8 MB)
- UC Berkeley: Stimulating Entrepreneurship in the Bay Area and Nationwide documents the economic contributions of companies founded by UC Berkeley students, alumni and faculty.
—May 2014 (PDF: 64 pages, 3.2 MB)
- Full Practice Authority for Nurse Practitioners Increases Access and Controls Cost
Fully utilizing the role of nurse practitioners is one of the most effective steps that states can take to increase the supply of primary care providers.
—September 2014: Report (PDF: 45 pages, 1.9 MB)
—April 2014: Spotlight California (PDF: 2 pages, 683 KB)
—August 2014: Spotlight Kentucky (PDF: 2 pages, 753 KB)
—June 2014: Spotlight Minnesota (PDF: 2 pages, 417 KB)
—August 2014: Spotlight New Jersey (PDF: 2 pages, 312 KB)
- Europe and the Bay Area: Investing in Each Other assesses the economic links between the Silicon Valley/San Francisco Bay Area and Europe, concentrating on technology, innovation and entrepreneurial activity.
—April 2014 (PDF: 62 pages, 6.2 MB)
- An Assessment of Public-Private Partnership Opportunities for the Proposed Extension of the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center to the Mission Bay Area of San Francisco evaluates the feasibility of moving the research and clinical activities of the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center (currently located at Fort Miley in northwest San Francisco) to new facilities at Mission Bay developed through a public-private partnership.
—March 2014 (PDF: 52 pages, 4.3 MB)
- Ties That Bind, 2014 Edition: The San Francisco Bay Area’s Economic Links to Greater China
In this new edition of Ties That Bind, the Economic Institute once again highlights for businesses and policymakers the key market dynamics, deals, firms and innovators that form the close and lasting economic bond between the San Francisco Bay Area and China.
—January 2014: Full Report (PDF: 148 pages, 9.6 MB)
—January 2014: Executive Summary Only (PDF: 8 pages, 141 KB)
- The Economic Impact of the 34th America’s Cup in San Francisco
This report was prepared by the Bay Area Council Economic Institute for the San Francisco America’s Cup Organizing Committee.
—December 2013 (PDF: 44 pages, 1.2 MB)
- The Economic Impact of San Francisco Hotels
The hotel industry’s vital contribution to San Francisco’s diverse economy is documented in this impact analysis report prepared by the Bay Area Council Economic Institute for the Hotel Council of San Francisco.
—October 2013 (PDF: 20 pages, 1.4 MB)
- The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory-University of California, Berkeley Richmond Bay Campus: Options and Considerations Regarding Its Development Utilizing Public Private Partnerships
The purpose of this introductory scoping memo is to analyze at a high level the potential for private capital to help fund the development of the planned Richmond Bay shared campus of the University of California, Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
—May 2013 (PDF: 15 pages, 280 KB)
- Public-Private Partnership Opportunities for the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District is a study prepared for BART on the potential for using public-private partnerships for system build-out and improvements.
—March 2013 (PDF: 58 pages, 1.8 MB)
- International Trade and the Bay Area Economy: Regional Interests and Global Outlook 2012–2013
Fifth in a series that began in 2003, this semi-annual report documents the importance of international trade to the Bay Area economy and assesses global economic conditions, pending international trade agreements, and the trade outlook for specific economic sectors of interest to the region.
—March 2013 (PDF: 60 pages, 1.5 MB)
- Technology Works: High-Tech Employment and Wages in the United States details the geography, growth patterns, and importance of high-tech jobs in the United States.
—December 2012 (PDF: 40 pages, 2.4 MB)
- The Bay Area: A Regional Economic Assessment evaluates the state of the regional economy and what is supporting or inhibiting growth and job creation.
—October 2012: Full Report (PDF: 76 pages, 2 MB)
—December 2012: Appendices (PDF: 96 pages, 3.5 MB)
- Labor Supply and Commute Patterns in San Mateo County is a study prepared for the Economic Vitality Research and Education Foundation (EVRE) and the San Mateo County Economic Development Association (SAMCEDA). The report provides an overview of commute patterns into and out of San Mateo County, with specific attention paid to sources and destinations of the county’s employees and residents and the demographics of the commuters.
—November 2012 (PDF: 22 pages, 817 KB)
- Shaping the Cities of Tomorrow presents the findings of the Global Green Cities of the 21st Century International Symposium, organized by the Economic Institute in 2011, where global urban leaders addressed design, technology and other issues relating to green growth and sustainable urbanization.
—September 2012 (PDF: 36 pages, 1.8 MB)
- The Bay Area Innovation System
How the San Francisco Bay Area Became the World’s Leading Innovation Hub and What Will Be Necessary to Secure Its Future
—June 2012 (PDF: 108 pages, 5.0 MB)
- The Economic Impact of Caltrain Modernization
This report addresses the short-term and the long-term economic implications of the Caltrain Modernization Program advanced signal system and electrification projects.
—June 2012 (PDF: 39 pages, 578 KB)
- The Economic Impact of the Affordable Care Act on California
The comprehensive analysis in this report generates an estimate of the economic impact of the ACA, weighing factors that will generate jobs and enhance growth against those that will have a contradictory impact.
—May 2012: Full Report
(PDF: 38 pages, 942 KB
—May 2012: Technical Appendix
(PDF: 16 pages, 77 KB
- The Culture of Innovation: What Makes San Francisco Bay Area Companies Different?
The claim has long been made that companies based in the Bay Area owe their leadership in innovation to something different in how they go about the innovation process. For this report, the Economic Institute partnered with Booz & Company to use in depth survey data for an empirical assessment of the “culture of innovation” that characterizes the most innovative companies in the Bay Area.
—March 2012 (PDF: 36 pages, 1.6 MB)
- Innovation and Investment: Building Tomorrow’s Economy in the Bay Area
This report, the eighth in a series of biennial Bay Area Economic Profile reports produced by the Bay Area Council Economic Institute in partnership with McKinsey & Company, examines the evolution of the Bay Area’s economy in the wake of the Great Recession that severely impacted the region from 2008 to 2010 and continues to be felt by many of our citizens and businesses.
—March 2012 (PDF: 68 pages, 3.4 MB)
- Accelerating Job Creation in California Through Infrastructure Investment: Opportunities for Infrastructure Asset Formation and Job Creation Using Public-Private Partnership Procurement Methods
A Bay Area Council Economic Institute White Paper produced in order to catalyze a stronger focus on the opportunities for job creation in California through infrastructure investment, and through public-private partnerships in particular.
—January 2012 (PDF: 21 pages, 746 KB)
- Benchmarking the Bay Area’s Environment for Entrepreneur-Led Start-ups
This report was developed by the Bay Area Council Economic Institute based on a survey by Monitor Group, a leading global business consultancy, in order to assess the quality of the environment in the San Francisco Bay Area for entrepreneur-led start-ups.
—October 2011 (PDF: 62 pages, 7 MB)
- Roadmap to a High-Value Health System: Addressing Califoria’s Healthcare Affordability Crisis
This “roadmap” outlines a series of concrete strategies for leveraging California’s power as an innovator to control rising healthcare costs for businesses and individuals. The report lays out the specific actions by healthcare providers, insurers, businesses, governments, and individuals that will improve affordability and access to high quality care in California.
—October 2011 (PDF: 44 pages, 1.2 MB)
- Options for Financing the Restoration of San Francisco Bay Wetlands
This analysis summarizes recent reports on wetlands restoration and finance in the San Francisco Bay Area, identifies options for financing wetlands restoration, and assesses which options appear most feasible.
—July 2011: Full Report (PDF: 116 pages, 5.5 MB)
—July 2011: Extract of Executive Summary Only (PDF: 14 pages, 144 KB)
- Employment in the Bay Area’s Emerging Clean Economy
A brief by the Bay Area Council Economic Institute presenting Bay Area data from the Brookings Institution study entitled Sizing the Clean Economy
—July 2011 (PDF: 20 pages, 949 KB)
- World Expo 2020, Silicon Valley – USA: Economic Impacts
—February 2011 (PDF: 44 pages, 1.2 MB)
- International Trade and the Bay Area Economy: Regional Interests and Global Outlook 2010–2011
—December 2010 (PDF: 68 pages, 2.1 MB)
- Global Competitiveness, China and California’s Emerging Clean Energy Economy
This white paper presents California’s climate and energy policies in a global setting, asking whether there is a clear linkage between policy and the development of energy efficiency and renewable energy industries.
—December 2010 (PDF: 52 pages, 1.2 MB)
- Framework Conditions for Foreign and Domestic Private Investment in California’s Infrastructure: Seizing the P3 Opportunity looks at the conditions in the state that will either hinder or enable its ability to attract private finance and management to help build California’s infrastructure.
—September 2010 (PDF: 44 pages, 1 MB)
- The America’s Cup: Economic Impacts of a Match on San Francisco Bay
A collaboration between the Bay Area Council Economic Institute and Beacon Economics, this report endeavors to provide estimates of the economic benefits of bringing an America’s Cup match to the Bay Area.
—July 2010 (PDF: 62 pages, 5.6 MB)
- Public-Private Partnerships: Alternative Procurement Methods for Campus Development in the University of California System offers a model for how UC can accelerate campus development through the creative use of private finance and management.
—June 2010 (PDF: 25 pages, 1.3 MB)
- Recession and Recovery: An Economic Reset
This report is the seventh in the series of biennial Bay Area Economic Profile reports that benchmark the region’s economic performance against other cities and regions, in the U.S. and globally, with which we compare and sometimes compete. This document continues the practice of recent reports by analyzing the structural forces at work in the economy that will make it more or less competitive. As the Bay Area emerges from a damaging recession, our ability as a region and a state to understand and address these trends is urgent.
—April 2010 (PDF: 76 pages, 1.7 MB)
- Global Reach: Emerging Ties Between the San Francisco Bay Area and India
Based on more than two years of research and nearly 200 interviews in both the Bay Area and India, this report documents the historical, cultural, educational, trade and investment links between the two economies and makes a convincing case for the distinctiveness of the Bay Area-India connection and the wide range of business and other opportunities that it presents.
—November 2009: Full Report (PDF: 2962 pages, 5.2 MB)
—November 2009: Extract of Executive Summary Only (PDF: 14 pages, 245 KB)
—Printed copies of the report book are available on request for a suggested donation of $15. Please email your request and contact information, including phone number, to email@example.com
- Managing Recession: Strategic Responses to the Economic Downturn
In response to one of the world’s most challenging economic cycles, the Economic Institute and Booz & Company have partnered to understand more deeply how Bay Area businesses are managing through the recession. Through interviews with leading Bay Area executives across a range of industries, including both large established companies and newer entrepreneurial start-ups, we identify how the recession has manifested itself regionally, emerging trends in defensive and offensive business strategies, and public policy priorities that could mitigate the recession’s impact and support future growth and competitiveness.
—July 2009: Full Report (PDF: 52 pages, 1.2 MB)
—April 23, 2009 Summary Presentation at the Bay Area Council Outlook Conference 2009 (PDF: 14 pages, 1 MB)
- California High-Speed Rail: Economic Benefits and Impacts in the San Francisco Bay Area
The proposed California high-speed rail project has been designed to provide fast, efficient transportation between California’s major urban centers, linking Los Angeles and San Francisco through the rapidly-growing Central Valley.
—October 2008 (PDF: 44 pages, 2.3 MB)
- The Innovation Driven Economic Development Model: A Practical Guide for the Regional Innovation Broker
Prepared as part of a collaboration in which the Economic Institute and BASIC are participants, this report describes an innovation-driven economic development model based on the new realities of globalization and the changing nature of the innovation process.
—September 2008: Full Report
(PDF: 64 pages, 1.9 MB
—September 2008: Executive Summary
(PDF: 17 pages, 498 KB
- Human Capital in the Bay Area: Why an Educated, Flexible Workforce Is Vital to Our Economic Future
Human capital, commonly understood as the collective level of education, skill and experience of a region’s labor force, is one of the most fundamental building blocks of high-value-added economies. This report analyzes indicators of human capital in the Bay Area, and identifies what is distinctive about the Bay Area’s workforce.
—February 2008 (PDF: 68 pages, 730 KB)
- Toward a California Trade and Investment Strategy: Potential Roles for the State in Global Market Development
Prepared at the request of the California Department of Business, Housing and Transportation, this study provides the foundation for a new California international trade and investment strategy delivered to the Legislature in 2008.
—October 2007 (PDF: 100 pages, 906 KB)
- Innovative Energy Solutions from the San Francisco Bay Area: Fueling A Clean Energy Future
The second in the BASIC Science Futures series, this comprehensive first-of-its-kind report on major alternative energy technologies highlights the region’s leadership in contributing to California’s and the nation’s agenda for achieving energy independence and addressing global warming.
—July 2007 (PDF: 92 pages, 986 KB)
- BASIC Innovators Series, Number 2
This second issue in the BASIC Innovators interview series features Nobel Prize winner and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Director Steven Chu, one of the most prominent and vocal of all the scientific figures to address the energy crisis.
—Summer 2007 (PDF: 6 pages, 2.4 MB)
- San Francisco Public Utilities Commission
Measures to Reduce the Economic Impacts of a Drought-Induced Water Shortage in the SF Bay Area
Prepared by the Bay Area Economic Forum and Public Financial Management (PFM) for the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission and the Bay Area Water Supply and Conservation Agency (BAWSCA), this report analyzes the potential economic costs of drought-induced water cutbacks in the Hetch Hetchy system and options for how to mitigate them.
—May 2007 (PDF: 53 pages, 477 KB)
- Bay Area Innovation Network Roundtable: Identifying Emerging Patterns of the Next Wave of Innovation
A report from BASIC on a day-long roundtable symposium convening seminal thinkers representing a broad spectrum of public and private research and development institutes and enterprises to focus on identirying a new and emerging patterns and key drivers for the next wave of innovation.
—April 2007 (PDF: 28 pages, 1 MB)
- Shared Values, Shared Vision: California’s Economic Ties with Canada
California and Canada maintain broad, deep and longstanding commercial ties that grow out of some remarkable similarities. This report discusses the characteristics that have generated considerable cross-border economic activity and have enabled both countries to leverage important comparative advantages.
—March 2007 (PDF: 52 pages, 377 KB)
- Ties That Bind: The San Francisco Bay Area’s Economic Links to Greater China
An examination of The San Francisco Bay Area’s business, economic, educational, historical, and cultural ties to China, documenting the depth and breadth of the region’s engagement with China and the business and other channels that have made the Bay Area the nation’s leading portal for U.S.-China exchange.
—November 2006 (PDF: 168 pages, 2.5 MB)
- BASIC Innovators Series, Number 1
Produced by the Bay Area Science and Innovation Consortium (BASIC), this first issue in the Innovators interview series features Dr. Regis B. Kelly, Executive Director of the California Institute for Quantitative Biomedical Research (QB3), and Dr. Robert J. T. Morris, Vice President, Assets Innovation, IBM Global Services.
—October 2006 (PDF: 8 pages, 746 KB)
- The Innovation Edge: Meeting the Global Competitive Challenge
A series of essays by nationally recognized thought leaders on business, technology and the global economy, addressing the challenges posed by global competition to U.S. leadership in science and technology, and ultimately to the U.S. economy.
—September 2006 (PDF: 66 pages, 1 MB)
- Investing in California’s Infrastructure: How to Ensure Value for Money and Protect California’s Competitive Position in the National and Global Economy
—June 2006 (PDF: 76 pages, 997 KB)
- Employer Mandates and the Health Care Crisis: Economic Impacts in California and the Bay Area
Study Finds Government Mandates Do Not Achieve Goal of Universal Health Care and Will Likely Cost Low Wage Earners Jobs
—January 2006 (PDF: 18 pages, 224 KB)
- International Trade and the Bay Area Economy: Regional Interests and Global Outlook 2005–2006
—July 2005 (82 pages, 1.7 MB)
- Visas for Higher Education and Scientific Exchanges: Balancing Security and Economic Competitiveness
A discussion about the impact on economic competitiveness of visas and immigration policies implemented since 9/11, particularly as they impact graduate students and scientists coming to this country from overseas.
—April 2005 (PDF: 18 pages, 369 KB)
- One Million Jobs at Risk
The Future of Manufacturing in California
—March 2005 (PDF: 30 pages, 352 KB)
- Economic Impacts of Competitive Air Service at San Francisco International Airport
Growing air traffic at SFO is a positive sign for the recovery of the Bay Area economy.
—November 2004 (PDF: 8 pages 448 KB)
- The Future of Bay Area Jobs: The Impact of Offshoring and Other Key Trends
Study Finds Offshoring Less Important Than Other Factors to Job Creation and Destruction in the Bay Area
—July 2004 (PDF: 44 pages, 601 KB)
- Supercenters and the Transformation of the Bay Area Grocery Industry: Issues, Trends, and Impacts
This report on supercenters (large discount stores that include full-scale groceries) analyzes the regional impacts of these facilities, and the factors that local governments and commuities whould take into account when considering their siting.
—January 2004 (PDF: 108 pages, 859 KB)
- Nanotechnology in the San Francisco Bay Area: Dawn of a New Age
First in the BASIC Science Futures series of reports highlighting the local achievements and prospects in newly evolving areas of scientific research that have the potential to stimulate new waves of scientific and commercial success in the Bay Area.
—January 2004 (PDF: 40 pages, 929 KB)
- Meeting the Challenge of Homeland Security, 2nd Edition
—October 2003 (PDF: 146 pages, 736 KB)
The first edition of this report, covering Highlights of the Bay Area’s Research and Development Capabilities Related to the Critical Mission Areas of the Department of Homeland Security, was issued in November 2002: (PDF: 51 pages, 487 KB)
- Hetch Hetchy Water and the Bay Area Economy
—October 2002 (PDF: 60 pages, 2.3 MB)
- Air Transport and the Bay Area Economy — Crisis in Air Travel: Weathering the Downturn
—January 2002 (PDF: 23 pages, 249 KB)
- International Trade and the Bay Area: Air Cargo, Technology and the Economy of Silicon Valley
—September 2001 (PDF: 4 pages, 52 KB)
- Air Transport and the Bay Area Economy—Phase Two
—November 2000 (PDF: 52 pages, 653 KB)
- Air Transport and the Bay Area Economy—Phase One
—January 2000 (PDF: 57 pages, 596 KB)