Economic Profile 2020: Bay Area Economic Recovery Tracker

-313,700 net jobs lost
in the Bay Area comparing October to January employment, representing a 7.8 percent decrease in employment.


8.1% unemployment rate

in the Bay Area as of September. The unemployment rate across the nine counties collectively spiked from 3.6 percent in March to 13.1 percent in April and has fallen every month since.


Industries with the most job loss in the Bay Area as of October 2020

year over year job loss in Leisure and Hospitality

year over year job loss in Other Services

year over year job loss in Information


Job recovery compared to past recessions 

net loss in total employment in the Bay Area eight months after the start of the COVID-19 Recession (Feb 2020 – Oct 2020)

net loss in total employment in the Bay Area eight months after the start of the Great Recession (Dec 2007 – Aug 2008)

net loss in total employment in the Bay Area eight months after the start of the Dot-com bubble (Dec 2000 – Aug 2001)



COVID-19 has created lasting impacts on local, regional, and national economies. In early 2020, several industries including the airline, restaurant, and tourism industries were deeply affected by shelter in place mandates and travel guidelines. Today, these effects have transferred to other industries, leading to layoffs, furloughs, and hiring freezes as budget cuts become the new normal.

Eight months into the COVID-19 crisis, economies across the U.S. are recovering jobs in some industries, while continuing to see losses in others. In an effort to understand the health of the Bay Area economy throughout the COVID-19 recession, this page will track regional recovery and provide monthly updates using data from the California Employment Development Department and Bureau of Labor Statistics.



Most Bay Area industries have begun to show signs of recovery, but some industries have experienced recovery significantly faster than others. The Construction industry has had one of the most pronounced recoveries – in April, Construction employment was 75 percent of what it was at the start of the year. As of October, it has since rebounded to 99 percent of January employment. This is in large part due to new safety guidelines that were put in place to allow construction workers to return to job sites in April.

Other industries have experienced a slow recovery. In April, employment in Leisure and Hospitality was half of what it was at the start of the year. As of October, industry employment has only recovered 73 percent of January employment. Despite attempts at reopening, job recovery in the Leisure and Hospitality industry continues to be a challenge, as travel guidelines discourage or prevent individuals from traveling, particularly internationally.

Employment in the Utilities, Financial Activities, and Professional and Business Services industries have seen smaller overall changes in employment since January, with many workers in these industries able to work from home or classified as essential workers.



While the Bay Area lost less employment at the onset of the COVID-19 recession compared to the U.S., the region has recaptured less of the jobs lost as of September than the country overall. Compared to other major geographies, the Bay Area’s employment recovery has been middle of the pack – recovering faster than New York, Los Angeles, and California overall, but slower than Denver, Seattle, and the U.S. overall. As of September, the Bay Area has recovered 91 percent of the jobs in the region at the start of January, whereas California has recovered 90 percent and the U.S. has recovered 94 percent.



In the Bay Area, net loss in total employment eight months from the start of the COVID-19 recession was significantly higher than net loss eight months after the start of the Great Recession and the Dot-com bubble. Examining job losses by industry provides more nuanced insight into the COVID-19 recession recovery compared to previous periods of economic recovery in the region. Unlike past recessions, the decline and recovery of employment from the COVID-19 recession has been shaped by which types of businesses can operate remotely during extended economic shutdowns. This impact is reflected in the rate of recovery across different industries.

During the Great Recession, Professional and Business Services, Manufacturing, and Construction industries saw the steepest declines in employment. From the lowest level of employment in the Professional and Business Services industry during the Great Recession (May 2009), it took four years (until May 2012) for the industry to recover the number of jobs it had prior to the recession. In contrast, as of October 2020, the industry has already recovered 98 percent of its pre-COVID-19 recession employment.

At the end of the Great Recession in July 2009, Leisure and Hospitality employment was down by 5 percent from the previous year. In comparison, as of October 2020, Leisure and Hospitality employment levels were down by 22 percent from the previous year. This indicates the unique economic challenges of the COVID-19 recession compared to previous recessions, particularly by small businesses and organizations that cannot operate efficiently or as efficiently remotely.