International Economic Connections

As the premier global center for technology and service innovation and a major center of higher education, the Bay Area powerfully shapes and is shaped by the global economy. The Institute continually investigates how the Bay Area serves as an important business and cultural hub by being globally connected through foreign direct investment, links to other technology regions, large numbers of foreign students at its universities, and a globally diverse population. The level of connection between the Bay Area and China is unique in its depth and breadth, and China’s technological capacity in the coming years will profoundly impact not only competition and market opportunities in China, but global competition as well. The Bay Area’s Economic ties to Europe date back to California’s Gold Rush, and Europe continues to be an essential partner in shaping the region’s economic future. Cross investment with Europe is larger than with any other global region.



Assessing Jordan’s Potential as a Middle East Business and ICT Base

A small economy by regional and global standards, Jordan benefits from several advantages as a business and ICT platform: a stable political environment, close ties with the United States, a highly educated workforce with a substantial pool of experienced engineers, government policies that prioritize education, active support for women in the workplace, and an entrepreneurial culture that generates a disproportionately large number of regional technology startups.

Innovation Platform

From this high-level review, it appears that despite some attrition in corporate innovation offices the global innovation presence remains strong.
Tel Aviv Skyline

Silicon Valley to Silicon Wadi

Unique economic ties link the Bay Area and California with Israel. This report discusses the roots of Israel’s innovation economy, California’s economic footprint in Israel, Israel’s economic presence in California, key technologies where that activity is focused, and possibilities for the future.

Bay to Bay

The term “Greater Bay Area” is derived from the experience of the San Francisco Bay Area, a multijurisdictional region that is the world’s leading platform for technology and innovation; following that model, China’s Greater Bay Area plan also seeks to make the Southern China region surrounding the Pearl River Delta a global innovation hub.

Southern Connection

As the Bay Area’s role as a global technology and innovation center has grown, the scope of its relationship with Mexico has expanded to include technology R&D and an active connection through startups. This presents opportunities to expand the relationship.

The Bay Area-Silicon Valley and Australia

Given current geopolitical challenges around the world, the Indo-Pacific region will continue to grow in importance for the United States, and so, too, will its relationship with Australia. This report assesses Australia’s economic ties to the Bay Area and outlines areas where capabilities, resources, and close alignment will offer stronger opportunities for business and other collaboration in the future.

China Oversteps

August 26, 2020 China’s recent actions are fueling the fire for a further divide with the United States. With China’s leadership overstepping, other countries have taken notice and are beginning to push back .  This …


Silicon Valley Bridges to Japan

This analysis builds on discussions at a February 20, 2020 conference at Stanford University, “Japan and the Bay Area: Developing Entrepreneurial Business Partnerships in the New Japan,” organized by the Bay Area Council Economic Institute and Stanford’s US-Asia Technology Management Center.

A Joint Declaration on the Importance of Collaboration, Open Trade, and Innovation in Tackling COVID-19

The Global Trade and Innovation Policy Alliance (GTIPA), a body of leading trade, economic and innovation think tanks around the world that work together to support growth through innovation and open market policies issued a …


Singapore and the Bay Area

Singapore is ranked by the World Economic Forum’s 2019 Global Competitiveness Report as the world’s most competitive economy. For decades it has served as an Asia-Pacific headquarters for US and other multinationals, a role that is expanding with its growing focus on innovation and with strong economic growth in neighboring Southeast Asia. The dynamism of Southeast Asia’s other leading economies—Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam—parallels Singapore’s, with accelerating digitalization, expanding internet economies, nascent startup ecosystems, successful unicorns, and growing venture investment. Including Singapore, the region offers a distinct and growing market and platform for doing business in Asia. This report assesses Singapore’s economic strategies, its environment for innovation, the Bay Area’s footprint in Singapore, Singapore’s footprint in the Bay Area, economic trends in Southeast Asia, and the trade and investment opportunities these developments represent.

Japan in the Bay Area

The opportunities that Japan presents for the Bay Area are unique. While Japan continues to face challenges, the wealth and scale of its economy, its advanced research and technological capacity, and its proven capacity to innovate point to strong potential for alignment. Japan is also emerging as a laboratory for how to technologically address the challenges of an aging society and a shrinking workforce. This report examines the key points of alignment between the economies of the Bay Area and Japan and the scope for potential cooperation.

Reconsidering US-China Economic Relations

The current complex of issues in US-China economic relations falls into three major categories: trade, investment, and student and scientific exchanges. This brief analyzes each from the standpoint of current laws and policies, their impacts, and their possible resolution.
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